Some Islamic nations, including Brunei, have harsh punishments under Sharia. In pre-modern times, Sharia was rarely used as criminal law, and standard of proof for any prosecution was very high.
Turkey's close relationship with the US dates back to the Cold War. But after the June election there put nationalists into a position of power in the government, that alliance could turn rocky.
The Maldives' increasingly polarised religious politics are coming apart.
Engaging with views we disagree with is a more effective way to serve the purposes of free speech.
An expert on Islam and democracy examines the threat to the world's largest Muslim majority country.
Islamic State has destroyed globally-significant sites in Iraq and Syria, but not as wanton acts of destruction. Instead, they are calculated political and religious attacks.
When it comes to Islamist extremism and terrorism, change is a constant.
There are elements of intolerance and racism in Indonesia. But that does not necessarily mean that an organised Islamic political movement is on the rise.