A troubled town.
Michigan Municipal Leage via Flickr
A lead poisoning crisis caused by corroded pipes has made Flint, Michigan a symbol of American inequality.
Michigan National Guard members distribute water to a line of residents in their cars in Flint, Michigan.
The Flint water crisis has left people across the country wondering if lead poisoning is a problem in their community. But it's very hard to find out how widespread this problem is.
Virginia Tech students process water samples from homes in Flint.
Flint Water Study/Facebook
Virginia Tech University engineering students blew the whistle on Flint, Michigan's toxic drinking water. Hailed as heroes, they've also learned that it isn't easy to do science for the public good.
Flaking lead paint in a home in Muncie, Indiana.
How did lead poisoning become a persistent threat in U.S. cities? Lead paint and slumlords played key roles, but so did postwar housing policies that trapped minorities in crumbling inner cities.
Lead can linger in bones.
X-ray via www.shutterstock.com.
Lead might not be in paint or gasoline anymore, but since it doesn't break down in the home or the environment it remains a problem throughout the U.S.
Lead exposure is more common than you think.
Children exposed to lead are at elevated risk for learning delays and academic issues.
Disinfecting municipal water systems is complex, but Flint made critical errors that led to the lead poisoning crisis.
Treating municipal water, particularly from rivers, is difficult technically and cash-strapped municipalities like Flint don't always know the latest science.
The University of Michigan-Flint puts experts from academia in the same room as Flint community members, an innovative model for educating the community and forming the public health response.
Flint, Michigan residents couldn’t get answers about their water – so they did their own research.
A new model of citizen-led science is emerging – as in the case of Flint, Michigan's poisoned water. Rather than simply supporting scientists, citizens ask their own questions and set the research agenda.
Up until the 1940s, as much as half of U.S. water piping from main lines was made of lead.
A wake-up call from Flint: the U.S. has made great gains in reducing lead exposure, but the country is still saddled with millions of miles of water-carrying lead pipes.
Tap water in Flint’s hospital on October 16.
Joyca Zhu/Flint Water Study
If Flint, Michigan were an affluent suburb, would residents have been exposed as long to drinking toxic water? Pioneering scholar Robert Bullard calls Flint's crisis a classic case of environmental discrimination
Pregnant women in three Australian cities are not told that lead exposure during pregnancy is linked to miscarriage and early delivery.
Parents in three Australian states are being given misleading advice about the dangers of lead to babies and small children – including failing to warn pregnant women about miscarriage risks.
Reducing lead exposure has health, social and economic benefits.
Soil, dust and air-based exposure to lead can interfere with a child's developing nervous systems and cause behavioural and developmental problems.
Protesting in West Baltimore.
Freddie Gray had high levels of lead as a child, one of the environmental injustices suffered by poor and minority groups.
The house in which Freddie Gray grew up in the Baltimore neighbourhood of Druid Heights.
Kim Hairston, Baltimore Su
Racial segregation and poisonous living conditions played a large part in determining the young man's fate.
How many times can lead shot kill?
Despite the environment being, according to the Olympic Charter, the “third dimension of Olympism”, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has yet to act on the enormous tonnage of lead shot scattered…
Lead shot fired by competitive shooters should be banned by the International Olympic Committee because it can harm wildlife…
In an analysis of seven sites in NSW, the highest crime rates correlated with the highest levels of lead in the air.
Flickr/Frank de Kleine
Australians who were exposed to high levels of lead as children may be at greater risk of committing violent and impulsive crimes two decades later, our yet-to-be-published research suggests. The origins…
The currently accepted blood lead goal – 10 micrograms per decilitre – needs updating.
Lead exposure continues to be an important public health issue for Australian children, with as many as 100,000 children under five years of age estimated to have blood lead levels high enough to cause…
Unsafe: thousands of Port Pirie children have been poisoned over decades, and yet government after government fails to stop it.
It is shocking to discover that more than 3000 children have been lead poisoned in the South Australian town of Port Pirie during the last decade. Whilst Australia continues to be a world leader in lead…