Across Africa, mainstream media have traditionally been the unrivalled custodians and originators of the public agenda. But this year social media took over as a new regime of information.
The past 12 months provided further evidence of the danger of democratic backsliding in Africa. But it also saw powerful presidents suffer embarrassing setbacks in a number of countries.
Elections, even free and competitive ones, don't always mean that a country is more democratic. Instead of weakening the elite’s grip on power, elections might actually make them stronger.
Raila Odinga has been at the forefront of the struggle for democracy and upholding the rule of law in Kenya. His latest battles are bound to cement his legacy as a progressive force for good.
Key institutions steering Kenya’s election have evidently broken down, leaving the country open to an iron fist to reestablish political stability by any means necessary.
Despite avenues for legal redress, the solution to Kenya’s constitutional crisis is political. The leadership on both sides of the political divide must reach an agreement for the sake of the nation.
The outcome of the race between increasingly artful electoral manipulation and limitless possible manifestations of democratic expression is never entirely certain.
Kenya’s upcoming poll will continue despite opposition leader Raila Odinga's decision to exit lawful processes prematurely. This will mean Kenyatta will likely win his second term in a row.
For decades, power in Kenya has lain with the government and administrative organisations that serve it. The Supreme Court's decision calling for a new election suggests that this may have changed.
By failing to provide details on what invalidated Kenya's election, the country's Supreme Court has created an impossible timeline for organising re-elections within 60 days.
Kenya has published hate speech guidelines that target WhatsApp groups administrators, holding them responsible for offensive content.
Fake news has intruded on every aspect of life. Audiences need to counter its appeal, as the media alone is incapable of debunking false information.
Some might see Kenya's presidential election petition as 'nuisance legislation'. But legal arbitration must be encouraged as an audit to the democratic process.
Kenya's press has admitted to self-censorship after the August 8th poll to avoid a repeat of 2008's post-election violence. But by refusing to inform the public has the media lost credibility?
Much international media focus has been on Kenya's election being a trigger for violence, but that's only part of the story. The ongoing grievances of Kenyans must be addressed.
Kenya has just gone through a charged campaign period, followed by a contested election result. The media has been out in force covering it all. But did they do a good job?
Despite concerns about corruption, the high cost of living and a stagnating economy, Kenyans may have handed Uhuru Kenyatta a second term.
In Kenya, the overwhelming majority of political contributions come from a tiny number of individuals. This model of financing turns politics into a high-stakes game that very often turns violent.
It's unclear exactly when Kenya's next president will begin the process of withdrawing troops from Somalia. If it's too rushed, the move might destabilise the region.
Kenya's history of electoral problems is interwoven with a political drama which pits one dynasty against another in a rivalry that goes back more than 50 years.