Our extinct, distant cousins still lived in Indonesia 110,000 years ago.
This newly discovered species is the oldest one known to resemble today's penguins in both size and leg proportions, unlike its giant co-habitants at the time.
Newly discovered extinct ape Danuvius has some human-like features, but that doesn't mean it could walk like us.
300,000 years ago, there were lots of different species of human. Now it’s only us – and we're probably the reason why.
Scientists claimed they knew what this bizarre creature was – our evidence suggests the question is still open.
A 'game-changing' fossil pterosaur suggests these species could easily fly between continents, helping to explain why similar specimens have been found all over the world.
Every cloud has a silver lining – even the debris cloud from an asteroid impact
Remains of a 365m-year-old forest of extinct lycopsid trees has been found in China.
New research suggests some dinosaurs buried and protected eggs in groups.
Fossils contain a thriving world of bacteria, proteins and perhaps even organic matter from dinosaurs.
When the first Jurassic Park film came out, we didn’t know which dinosaurs had feathers. But a few years later, a very important discovery was made that changed our thinking on how dinosaurs looked.
Local tetrapod biodiversity exploded after the dinosaurs, but has barely changed in 60m years.
Five major finds this year adds to our understanding of evolution and ancient life history.
Fossil hunter Mary Anning didn't get the recognition she deserved during her lifetime. Now her home town wants to raise a statue in her honour.
A new type of Archaeopteryx fossil helps build the case for this creature being called 'the first bird'.
Ancient indigenous people often collected fossil shells, teeth and bones that have provided critical clues about human origins.
What can we expect from our future climate after looking at the 'Hothouse Earths' of the past?
Megalodons are the latest Hollywood monster to leap out of the fossil record, but what else is lurking in prehistoric seas?
A new study of an ancient fossil has found it to be the earliest lizard known, so far. It shows they survived one the greatest mass extinctions on Earth.
New research shows that ground-dwelling birds were more likely to survive the mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous period.