There have been substantial improvements in some areas of TB therapeutics.
Punit Paranjpe/AFP via Getty Images
Less than half of the children aged 0-14 who have TB are diagnosed – so they never even start treatment.
In many developing countries TB vaccination for children after birth is mandatory.
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Progress in many areas of TB control stalled or reversed mainly because of the COVID-19 pandemic and the recent geo-political situations.
BCG vaccine scar.
BCG has been around for a century, but it’s still being studied for its ‘non-specific effects’.
Puwadol Jaturawutthichai/Alamy Stock Photo
Ashkenazi Jews are significantly more susceptible to a rare genetic disorder known as Gaucher disease.
We need a combination of new approaches to reduce age disparate sex. And we need new technologies to protect young women.
Emily Brontë as portrayed by Emma Mackey in Emily, (2022).
An expert in the lives and works Brontës argues that it’s time for a radical change in the way we think about Emily Brontë’s death.
Scientist analysis flasks of saliva of TB patients.
Yanick Folly/AFP via Getty Images
Intensified efforts to obtain funding are urgently required to mitigate and reverse the negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on TB.
Addressing the noncommunicable disease pandemic can also mitigate challenges facing people living with HIV and complement efforts against TB.
Handheld devices like this one, used for testing blood sugar levels, could help TB patients monitor their own drug levels.
There are several reasons that TB patients don’t or can’t adhere to their treatment.
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Some vulnerable populations may have fallen through the cracks despite efforts to improve access to HIV services during the pandemic in Nigeria.
People in prison are more at risk of TB than the general population.
Stephane de Sakutin/AFP via Getty Images
The overcrowded conditions of prisons make them a high-risk environment for the spread of infectious diseases such as TB.
The pandemic and a health workers’ strike disrupted essential health services.
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Outpatient visits, screening and diagnostic services, and child immunisation were particularly negatively affected.
Refugees and asylum seekers move through this refugee camp in Musina, South Africa.
Photo credit should read Luca Sola/AFP via Getty Images
Beitbridge and Musina are two border towns in Zimbabwe and South Africa that see many migrants pass through – with different health needs.
Survivors face ongoing disability and increased mortality risks beyond treatment completion.
PUNIT PARANJPE/AFP via Getty Images
To understand the perceptions of TB patients about their quality of life, it’s useful to have a comparison with “apparently healthy” people.
New remedies are needed as rates of multi-drug resistant TB rise.
As antibiotics lose their power to treat some forms of TB, interest in the antibacterial powers of curdlan is rising.
Chest x-rays are more sensitive for screening for TB.
PUNIT PARANJPE/AFP via Getty Images
We expected to find that screening everybody for TB would identify individuals not yet diagnosed, and treating them quickly would reduce the prevalence of TB in the community.
Inhaled vaccine delivery could take on not only COVID-19, but also other respiratory infections, including tuberculosis.
An inhaled COVID-19 vaccine would go directly to where the body would use it: the mucosal surface of the airways. This could mean less waste and more benefit, lower costs and reduced side-effects.
The mortality rate among young adults is higher than it should be, statistically.
The risk of dying changes over the course of a lifetime. Very high at birth, it falls and then gradually rises again… except for a peak after adolescence. Why such a statistical anomaly?
Rajesh Kumar Singh/AAP
India’s recent Tuberculosis survey showed worse results than expected.
People receiving medical treatment at the entrance hall of Ayder Referral Hospital in Mekele, the capital of Tigray region, Ethiopia.
YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images
Unless special attention is given to conflict and HIV the war will undermine the achievement of the 2030 goals to end AIDS, discrimination, and new infections.