The analysis suggests that there was a mass extinction event at the time of the end-Permian, on land - and that it happened at the same time as the marine end-Permian extinction.
Teeth can reveal a lot about diversity when they are reasonably well-preserved.
This fossil find provides strong evidence of an African origin for some Malagasy chameleon lineages.
These trackways offer rare insights about ancient life in a stressful, hostile environment during the Early Jurassic.
New research shows how rock features that look like fossilised microbes can form without life.
Understanding why the great auk went extinct could help protect species still living today.
Newly discovered extinct ape Danuvius has some human-like features, but that doesn't mean it could walk like us.
The discovery of a perfectly preserved snake skull fossil answers many questions about the evolution of snakes from lizards.
How do we know that bees were around when dinosaurs still roamed the Earth? The main evidence comes from fossils – the mineralized remains of long-dead organisms.
Scientists claimed they knew what this bizarre creature was – our evidence suggests the question is still open.
The rise and fall of monkeys in ancient Europe should remind us of our own species' precarious relationship with changing climates.
A 'game-changing' fossil pterosaur suggests these species could easily fly between continents, helping to explain why similar specimens have been found all over the world.
Paleontologists created an evolutionary map of how croc body size changed over the last 200 million years – with some interesting implications for today's species.
Given that we know humans moved across these landscapes, we wondered whether there might also be evidence of other forms of human activity on these surfaces of sand.
The hominin known as Lucy may not be the direct ancestor of humans.
These trackways preserve an incredibly brief moment in time. More importantly, they tell us about ancient climates, and how turtle breeding ranges have changed over the millenia
The geological and biological archives of the Earth shed light on both the distant past of our planet and allow us to imagine its future.
Fossil flies from what is now Denmark reveal some striking similarities between insect eyes 54 million years ago, and our own vision today.
Remains of a 365m-year-old forest of extinct lycopsid trees has been found in China.
The more we know about the animals that lived during this time, the more we can start to comprehend how species react and recover after an extinction event.