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Some vulnerable populations may have fallen through the cracks despite efforts to improve access to HIV services during the pandemic in Nigeria.
COVID-19 lockdowns significantly reduced access to and the provision of antiretroviral treatment services.
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The individual stories of migrant women are essential in understanding if HIV healthcare strategies and programmes are working.
Remembering to take a pill every day can be a barrier to good adherence.
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The benefit of an injectable product is that it avoids the adherence issues related to taking a pill daily.
The pandemic and a health workers’ strike disrupted essential health services.
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Outpatient visits, screening and diagnostic services, and child immunisation were particularly negatively affected.
Poor retention in health services is one of the most important reasons people interrupt HIV treatment.
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When antiretroviral therapy is working effectively, HIV cannot be transmitted. This allows people with HIV to live fuller lives without the fear of infecting others.
Broadly neutralizing antibodies are able to recognize multiple strains of HIV at once.
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Antiretroviral therapies for HIV, while extremely effective, need to be taken daily for life. Designing antibody treatments that need to be taken only once could improve compliance and reduce drug resistance.
Ebola news was the top story in Nigeria in early August 2014.
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African media also emphasise the west as superior and Africa as inferior.
Patients with low HIV viral loads are just as likely to harbour HIV variants with drug resistance mutations as those with high viral loads.
Esther Gwena, an untrained midwife in Mbare Harare.
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The future is bleak for Zimbabwe’s healthcare unless there are serious long-term reforms to build resilience.
Ongoing conflicts in many countries mean that women will continue to seek protection in South Africa.
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The continuing precarity and vulnerability to violence has long term consequences for these women’s health and well-being.
Monkeypox is transmitted mainly through direct contact with skin lesions, but the current outbreak is following patterns similar to STIs.
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Monkeypox is not considered an STI but is spreading among sexual partners. Adding sexual health strategies to the public health response is helpful, but there is a danger of stigmatizing MPXV.
A dose of Imvanex vaccine used to protect against Monkeypox virus.
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Countries have to weigh up the cost of vaccinating everybody versus the cost of treating the disease.
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Some of the sexual moralising we saw with HIV is still with us. That makes it harder for men who have sex with men to come forward for vaccines and testing.
A health-care provider administers monkeypox vaccine at an outdoor walk-in clinic in Montréal, on July 23, 2022. It is crucial that people who have been exposed to monkeypox get vaccinated if they do not yet have symptoms, or isolate if they do have symptoms.
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To control monkeypox, there is a short window — weeks, not months — in which to vaccinate the most susceptible and to encourage and support self-isolation for those who have symptoms.
PrEP can reduce the risk of HIV infection by over 90%.
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PrEP enables adolescent girls and young women to protect themselves from HIV without having to convince a partner to use a condom at the time of sex.
Saskatoon is seen across the South Saskatoon River.
Saskatchewan leads the country in preventable, opportunistic illnesses enabled by poverty. With recent changes to income support programs and increased housing instability, things are getting worse.
Chest x-rays are more sensitive for screening for TB.
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We expected to find that screening everybody for TB would identify individuals not yet diagnosed, and treating them quickly would reduce the prevalence of TB in the community.
Jonathan Bazzi photo by Claudia Beretta.
One of the first contemporary personal narratives about living with HIV in the 21st century, Fever urgently interrogates the social meanings of HIV, and how they’ve evolved in the era of treatment.
Unintended pregnancy, especially among young people, can be disempowering.
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Up to 257 million women who want to avoid pregnancy are not using safe, modern contraception methods
People receiving medical treatment at the entrance hall of Ayder Referral Hospital in Mekele, the capital of Tigray region, Ethiopia.
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Unless special attention is given to conflict and HIV the war will undermine the achievement of the 2030 goals to end AIDS, discrimination, and new infections.