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Articles sur Peace and Security

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Dominic Ongwen enters the court room of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, on December 6, 2016. Photo by Peter Dejong/Pool/AFP via Getty Images

Child victim, soldier, war criminal: unpacking Dominic Ongwen’s journey

Former fighters described Ongwen as a model fighter and an effective commander – but testimony in his trial detailed the former child soldier’s alleged personal role in the rape of underage women.
Internally displaced persons gather for government briefing in South Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, the scene of violent clashes between rival communities since 2019. Photo by ALEXIS HUGUET/AFP via Getty Images

How DRC’s colonial legacy forged a nexus between ethnicity, territory and conflict

Because ethnic territories are a major source of political friction and persecution in the world, it's important to investigate how they are created and used in conflicts.
Ali Mohamed Gedi (left), then Somali prime minister, speaks during a meeting with clan elders to discuss the surrender of weapons from the Mogadishu community in 2006. Peter Delarue/AFP via Getty Images

Why Somali clan elders could hold the key to opening dialogue with Al-Shabaab

While the insurgent group rebuffs talks on the national stage, it frequently negotiates local issues with the government and other groups through senior clan elders.
Ugandan soldiers shoot at demonstrators during riots in Kampala sparked by the arrest of opposition leader Kizza Besigye in 2011. Marc Hofer/AFP via Getty Images

The roots of pre-election carnage by Uganda security forces

Uganda must overhaul its national legal framework on the use of force and firearms during law enforcement.
Members of the Amhara militia ride in the back of a pick up truck, in Mai Kadra, Ethiopia, on November 21, 2020. Amharas and Tigrayans were uneasy neighbours before the current fighting. Photo by Eduardo Soteras/AFP via Getty Images

Drums of war were beating for almost two years. Why Ethiopia’s conflict was avoidable

Had the national government and Tigray state government attempted to engage in intergovernmental dialogue, things might have turned out differently.
Former presidents Olusegun Obasanjo and Thabo Mbeki share a light moment at a meeting of the G8 and developing nations in Tokyo in 2000. EFE-EPA/Michel Euler

Mbeki and Obasanjo: case studies in the use of soft power in Africa’s interests

Former presidents Obasanjo and Mbeki have arguably made the most important contribution to Africa in the 21st Century by promoting peace, democracy, regional integration and pan-Africanism.

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