Vladimir Putin has eschewed liberal democracy and remains vulnerable because of this, according to Fukuyama.
It’s a phrase often bandied around – but what does it mean? And how relevant is the notion of ‘the end of history’ today?
It’s the fairest way to settle this debate – though in the absence of a clear majority supporting either “remain” or a “no deal” it would probably mean accepting Theresa May’s deal.
Viktor Orban and Matteo Salvini, two of Europe’s best known ‘populist’ leaders.
EPA/Daniel Dal Zennaro
It’s a slippery concept but academics have reached agreement on some of its fundamental elements.
Recent elections in Turkey, Hungary and Russia raise a fundamental question about democracy. Can it give autocracy a mandate?
Given that so many people have a strong opinion about identity politics, it is surprising how few of us have a clear idea on what it actually is.
Marx believed that exploitation of workers and of nature went hand-in-hand.
Contemporary politics is no longer able to resist the pressure of economic power.
David Shankbone/Wikimedia Commons
The financial oligarchies differ from other kidnappers by being silent about their power over institutions and policies – they don’t want to alert anyone to what they have done.
Opera goers are high multiplier voters. Win them over and you might get a few more supporters along the way.
Starting out as a set of demonstrations against university reform, the French uprisings of May 1968 quickly gathered momentum.
AAP/EPA/Prefecture de Police Museum
The protesters who took to the streets of Paris didn’t know what they wanted: they just knew what they were against. But they did make us think that maybe there is another, better world.
The 2014 Umbrella Revolution in Hong Kong against ‘Chinese-style democracy’ laid bare democracy’s contested meanings.
Uncertainty is built into democracy, but we are seeing more talk of crisis and more attempts at redefinition. So where does this leave citizens who want to have a meaningful say in how they live?
In clinging to power, Nicolás Maduro, Hugo Chávez’s handpicked successor, is steering Venezuela’s once-rich democracy to autocracy.
Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Democracy takes many forms, some of them democracy in name only. Confusion and misappropriation complicate the public struggle for the democracy to come, but this challenge is always unending.
While some are declaring that democracy has had its day, others see this as a time to develop more truly democratic ways of living.
Gustav Klimt, Death and Life, 1910
Is it really time to eulogise democracy, or are we rather on the cusp of a new phase in its long and varied life?
The government has been criticised for its appointment of Gary Johns to head up Australia’s independent charities regulator.
Australians have reason to be apprehensive that some civil voices are not being heard in our liberal democracy.
Alternative for Germany (AfD) co-leader Alice Weidel campaigns in front of a banner that reads: ‘Crime by immigration: a flood of refugees leaves its mark!’
Current events show that the old problem of populism is making a comeback, and that populism is indeed an autoimmune disease of our age of monitory democracy.
Is populism a poison or a cure for democracy, or both, depending on the circumstances?
Louis Boilly/Wikipedia Commons
We’re not sure if the cure, the populist outsider, will work and make life better. but we are willing to experiment as the old certainties of representative politics wither.
Why are communities that need government’s help seemingly rejecting it on principle?
Susan E Adams/flickr
Why are we increasingly seeing voters support candidates whose policies are, superficially at least, against their own interests?
Wayne Swan has drawn a parallel between the the ALP’s ‘Laborism’ and New Labour’s ‘Third Way’ in the UK.
While both parties may have set out to modernise and renew their ideologies, the ALP’s and Labour’s attempts to marry the old and new instead precipitated two separate identity crises.
Voters might be quite rational in refusing to give the green light to those who wield power and benefit from the status quo.
Ambivalence among voters is reason to think about how democracy is working for us as a community. To keep democracy alive we need to be sceptical about the exercise of power and keep it in check.
Political groups of all stripes recognise the enormous power of online mass persuasion, one meme at a time.
Each individual act of posting, linking, commenting and liking may look insignificant up close, but they add up. There is enormous power here for mass persuasion, one viral share at a time.
Donald Trump constantly invoked the idea of political correctness gone mad in his presidential campaign.
Populist leaders not only attack the institutions of global capital, they also disregard the checks and balances of institutional democracy.