Ecowas has a patchy track record when it comes to ensuring cooperation and security across west Africa – member states are now starting to leave.
Malians rally in support of their country’s exit from Ecowas.
Photo by Ousmane Makaveli/AFP via Getty Images
Border closures between Sahelian and coastal countries have had devastating consequences for the regional economy.
Leaders of Ecowas at a meeting in Abuja, Nigeria on 10 December 2023.
Nigerian Presidency /Handout/Anadolu via Getty Images
Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger announced their intention to leave Ecowas. This may be a pointer to a deeper crisis in the Sahel region.
Children’s education is frequently disrupted in conflict-fraught areas.
Daniel Beloumou Olomo/AFP via Getty Images
Education can spur peace and development. Here are five essential reads on the topic.
West Africa is struggling to deal with increasing terrorist attacks.
The terrorism discourse in Ghana shows how flawed views of the war on terror continue to shape thinking about security.
Fragile countries, including Somalia, make up 24% of the world’s population and 73% of its extreme poor.
Cuts in development aid could contribute to global instability; violent conflict is already on the rise in countries that rely heavily on foreign assistance
Mosquitoes are the primary medium for contracting dengue.
Oregon State University/Flickr
The Sahel region is grappling with an outbreak of the deadly mosquito-borne disease.
Emmanuel Macron has found himself to be an unpopular figure in parts of Africa.
The French president has struggled to maintain the influence his country gained in Africa through colonialism.
Russia was using the mercenary group to further its foreign policy aims in west Africa. There’s no reason to think Prigozhin’s death will change that.
The coup enjoys a high degree of popular support in Niger.
A geopolitical struggle for valuable resources such as uranium is behind the wrangling over Niger.
The clamour for coups among citizens is rising.
Citizen expectations of governments are not being met by most elected leaders.
Weapons recovered from bandits during Operation Safe Haven in Nigeria.
Pius Utomi Ekpei/AFP via Getty Images
Civilian protection payment is not a sustainable self-protection strategy in north-west Nigeria.
Supporters of Niger’s July 2023 coup celebrate in the capital, Niamey.
Balima Boureima/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
Examining how military coups unfold is crucial to understanding a country’s path back to democracy.
Supporters of the military junta wave Nigerien and Russian flags at a demonstration of support for the coup.
All eyes are on Nigeria where west African countries are discussing the possibility of military intervention to reverse the coup.
Coup leader General Abdourahamane Tchiani appearing on Niger state television to announce the takeover.
Associated Press/Alamy Stock Photo
The coup in Niger has the potential to further destabilise the whole of west Africa.
Niger’s Gen Abdourahamane Tchiani declares himself head of state on 28 July 2023.
ORTN-Télé Sahel/AFP via Getty Images
Ethnic politics, the presence of foreign troops and the weaknesses of past responses to coups encouraged Niger’s recent military takeover.
General Abdourahmane Tchiani, Niger’s new leader.
ORTN - Télé Sahel/AFP via Getty Images
Niger had been seen as a relatively stable nation in an unstable region. The coup could spark fears in the West that the nation may align interests with Russia and the Wagner Group.
Malians march against the UN peacekeeping force in Bamako in September 2022.
Ousmane Makaveli/AFP via Getty Images
Constructive dialogue is an essential condition for a peaceful political transition in Mali.
People fleeing war-torn Sudan on 13 May 2023.
Khaled Desouki/AFP via Getty Images
A spiralling Sudan will affect peace and security in the Lake Chad Basin region, of which Nigeria is a member.
Devastation: much of central Khartoum has been destroyed in heavy fighting.
EPA-EFE/Indonesian Embassy KBRI Khartoum
The role of the Wagner Group in the Sudan crisis is not yet clear, but its mercenaries are reported to be involved in a number of African countries.