By 2025, it is projected that there will be more than 50 billion devices connected to the internet. This is having a disruptive impact on many industries, including transportation, financial services and the media, among others. The oil-and-gas sector in Newfoundland and Labrador is also experiencing significant changes as a result of digital computing technologies.
Disruptive technologies of digitalization are changing traditional business models and giving rise to the digital economy. They are changing how entire businesses operate and the way people live and work.
In the retail sector, for example, it has allowed customers to place online orders, and retailers to then analyze customer data for personalized advertising and services.
Newfoundland and Labrador is currently producing about 25 per cent of Canada’s conventional light crude oil. Through a recent Grand Banks Offshore Optical Cable, new fibre-optic telecommunications links with offshore fields will have a dramatic impact on future business operations.
From digital to intelligent oilfields
A digital oilfield is a complex information system for a petroleum reservoir. It connects all components, including offshore facilities, databases, control systems and management networks. The development and operations of offshore oilfields can be greatly enhanced by digital technologies, because they allow companies to collect more information about the reservoirs and improve business decisions.
After a digital oilfield is initially constructed, digitalization can progress from early stages of real-time data analysis to more mature advanced stages of integrated operations that link operational, business and computer systems together.
This will optimize production, and ultimately lead to intelligent systems that use expert experience for automated decision-making.
As Wuhan University professor Li Deren writes, oilfield digitalization allows an engineer to “know about everything under the heavens,” whereas with oilfield intelligence, it allows them to “do everything under the heavens.”
Companies like Equinor are using digital technologies to help improve the safety of personnel, security and efficiency of offshore operations. The digitalized offshore assets will have a higher reliability of operations. Predictive and automated maintenance will reduce costs.
The digital economy will also lead to a more environmentally responsible development of offshore oil resources. Through integrated environmental monitoring, digital ocean facilities will reduce the environmental impact and risks of oil spills. Subsea (fully submerged) wireless communications will have access to control systems and sensors that monitor pollutants.
Digitalization and the labour market
Some offshore jobs, often in harsh ocean working conditions, can be moved onshore, thus improving safety.
As the entire offshore enterprise becomes digitalized, tools such as data analytics, artificial intelligence and cognitive computing will optimize the overall operations and personnel safety. Increasingly, more offshore activities will become automated, from drilling to production, maintenance and operations. Operating costs will decrease as more processes become digital and equipment use is optimized.
But these changes will also bring challenges in the labour market. Jobs that do not require creativity, social skills or human dexterity may disappear. A McKinsey study estimated that digitalization changes for both technical and non-technical work may automate 60 to 90 per cent of routine manual tasks in the traditional job activities.
What does this mean for the job market in Canada’s offshore sector? Jobs on offshore platforms that consist of repetitive activities may decrease. But new types of onshore jobs will be created. New job titles will appear such as data analyst, cyber- security specialist, robotics and artificial intelligence engineers, to name just a few.
The role of higher education in training workers will become ever more important. There will be an increasing need for some competence in information technology in jobs that did not previously require it.
Innovation and education at Memorial
Lesley James, a process engineering professor and director of the Hibernia Enhanced Oil Recovery Laboratory, is using digital oilfield technologies to reduce costs and increase production by enhanced oil recovery. James and her team recently launched a new model of digital oilfield education, which provides a flexible modular approach via short courses in the classroom and by distance learning.
The digital oilfield modules include automation, machine learning, communications, artificial intelligence and instrumentation. Relevant case studies are applied to offshore applications.
Memorial’s researchers are also developing leading-edge technologies for ocean digitalization. Connectivity between cabled and acoustical seafloor sensors, autonomous underwater vehicles and surface stations require advanced communication and processing units. Octavia Dobre, an electrical engineering professor, has developed new methods that increase the throughput of underwater communications and enable longer-distance, more energy-efficient methods of transmission.
Like other industries facing disruption in the digital economy, the offshore oil-and-gas sector in Newfoundland and Labrador is embracing information technology to transform its business model and create new revenue opportunities. As these technologies exert more pressure on the labour market, innovative new educational programs that prepare future graduates for the digital economy will be needed.