A new study unlocks the mysteries of ancient burial marker trees made by Wiradjuri people in southeastern Australia.
Female bodies have an advantage in endurance ability that means Paleolithic women likely hunted game, not just gathered plants. The story is written in living and ancient human bodies.
It is unusual to find a tomb so intact and so well preserved.
For a decade, debate has raged over Dark Emu’s account of Aboriginal agriculture. But ancient food production in Australia is more complex than labels like farming or hunter-gathering suggest.
Mineralogical analysis of 5,000-year-old stone beads from Turkana, Kenya suggest a novel mortuary tradition by early pastoralists.
A changing climate, humans and fire were a deadly combination for the big animals that used to roam southern California. Listen to The Conversation Weekly podcast.
Archaeologists have discovered two 7,000-year-old tiger shark teeth that were once part of ritual or fighting blades on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi.
Archaeological data alone can’t always help to answer researchers’ questions: multiple lines of evidence are needed.
What could the extinction of Neanderthals tell us about our own species? An archaeologist explains in The Conversation Weekly podcast.
Experts speculated that very early humans worked wood, but previously didn’t have the evidence.
A close look at 7,000-year-old grinding stones left in ancient firepits shows wandering herders in northern Saudi Arabia carried heavy tools for working on bones, plants and rocks.
Skeletons found with items that don’t align with their estimated sex are usually excluded from research – but that assumes a 19th century view of gender.
Experts insist there is no scientific reason for allowing these fossils to travel to space.
Maui officials have asked relatives to provide DNA samples to help identify victims of the Lahaina wildfires. Time and exposure to the elements, however, can make DNA retrieval from remains difficult.
A technique called portable X-ray fluorescence has helped Egyptologists identify changes and adjustments to details of tomb decoration that are invisible to the human eye.
In the largest study of its kind, researchers have used DNA from a 6,700-year-old cemetery in France to reconstruct the lives of everyday Neolithic people.
Machu Picchu is now an iconic tourist destination in Peru – but it was once a royal palace that pulled people from all corners of the Inca empire.
The pits are important for rethinking how we have previously considered life and society during the Mesolithic period.
Ancient DNA from Ukraine uncovers the earliest evidence of the arrival of the ‘steppe ancestry’ – the last piece of the modern Western European genetic puzzle.
It might seem odd to rebury what’s been dug up but it’s to make sure what’s found is preserved for future research.