Slum residents were said to do less exercise because of cheap motorcycle taxis.
Societal pressures make it hard for people living in low-income areas to change their ways.
People buy food at the Githurai market in Kiambu, Kenya. The country is doing a census that is breaking new ground in Africa.
Kenya's decision holds the promise of inclusivity and liberalisation of the legal and policy environment.
A health worker checks people’s temperatures in Goma, DRC.
Epidemics can have massive social ramifications where prohibitions are imposed on travel, socio-cultural events and schooling.
Poor child-care facilities put children at risk of malnutrition, infections and child abuse.
We found that women who had access to subsidised day-care services were 17% more likely to be employed than those who were not.
A mother breastfeeds her baby.
Flickr/Dominic Chavez/World Bank
Regular home visits by community health workers helped to increase breastfeeding rates in Kenya.
Hepatitis is a major public health burden.
Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made vaccination and post-infection therapy available. But the number of those infected annually and dying from viral Hepatitis continues to be high.
Border screening at Kenya’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.
Kenya appears prepared for Ebola outbreaks, but a lot more can be done.
Mental health issues among teen girls in Kenya are often ignored.
Pregnant teens in Kenya face a number of challenges.
An aid worker collects health and nutrition data in northeastern Kenya.
Data is essential for proper planning, budgeting and implementation of health care policies.
When girls in Kenya fall pregnant, they must often deal with stigma, fear and shame.
Mental health care for teen mothers is not part of routine health facilities in Nairobi's informal settlements.
Early childhood education can equip kids for later learning.
Cost-effective, scaleable early childhood development and education programmes can make a huge difference.
Restrictive laws mean that women resort to unsafe means.
In Kenya nearly 120,000 women are treated in health facilities each year for complications arising from unsafe abortions
In Kenya, contraceptive use among teens has been consistently low.
Teenage girls in Kenya who fall pregnant either drop out of school or risk unsafe abortions.
Conditions in Kenya’s slums like Mathare are not conducive to healthy life choices.
A study in Kenya found that that there's an association between relatively higher economic status and obesity in a slum setting.
Heavy traffic in Lagos, Nigeria.
Old people in Nigeria's cities can't even rely on public transport.
Students in a Nairobi slum school. There are more than monetary barriers for parents from poor neighbourhoods.
Getting more children into secondary school in Kenya requires striking a balance between top-down policy and bottom-up implementation.
Slums like Mathare in Nairobi are particularly prone to flooding.
The health challenges that Nairobi can expect in the wake of heavy rains are largely preventable.
Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi. Kenya’s health system is under huge pressure.
Kenya spends millions treating women who have complications after unsafe abortions.
Universities shouldn’t ignore graduates once they leave the institution.
Universities could mine alumni databases to improve individual institutions' work - and raise funds.
Migration to cities has led to increased obesity in Africa.
Reuters/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Obesity is on the rise among urban African women of reproductive age in all of the 24 countries studied.