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British Geological Survey

Founded in 1835, the British Geological Survey (BGS) is the world’s oldest national geological survey and the United Kingdom’s premier centre for earth science information and expertise. The BGS provides expert services and impartial advice in all areas of geoscience. Our client base is drawn from the public and private sectors both in the UK and internationally.


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Fracking would exacerbate problems with low water levels in reservoirs. John Giles/PA

Water supplies may struggle to cope with fracking demands

The drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking) of wells for oil or gas is a well-established technique and requires large quantities of water. During the initial drilling of the well, water is needed…
Sinkholes can have a sinking effect on house prices. BGS

Explainer: what are sinkholes?

Sinkholes seem to be popping up everywhere this year. March saw the tragic death of Jeff Bush in Seffner, Florida, when his bedroom collapsed into a sinkhole below his house. The same month saw the disappearance…
And you think your neighbours are bad: millions live alongside active volcanoes. Smithsonian Institute Global Volcanism Program

Mexico’s smoking giant El Popo lights up again

The Popocatepetl volcano in Mexico is throwing out plumes of smoke and ash, an eruption that threatens the one million inhabitants of the towns and villages nearby. Mexico City, the world’s third largest…


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