Lung disease can often be prevented with culturally appropriate health care and information.
Lung infections are the most common reason for Aboriginal children to be hospitalised. But many cases can be prevented by seeking treatment for wet coughs that last for four weeks or more.
The theory is that if therapies are started early enough, it might be possible to alter the trajectory of autism.
Children with autism don't usually begin therapy until they're given a diagnosis, which rarely occurs before the age of two. But new research shows there's benefit to starting early.
Australia’s first Aboriginal Brain Injury Coordinator, Rebecca Clinch, with brain injury survivor Justin Kickett.
Edith Cowan University
The absence of Indigenous Australians in rehabilitation services has created the belief they don't want therapy. The reality is they want services which better meet their cultural needs.
The antibiotics commonly used to treat school sores, a skin infection affecting thousands of Aboriginal kids, are out of stock.
Almost half of Aboriginal kids living remotely will have a school sore at any one time. But there aren't enough of the right antibiotics to treat them.
Health education needs to lift spirits and give optimism, such as this image of Peter Parmbuk and Marcus Kinthari washing their hands at the Gerry the Germ area of the Wadeye Health Centre in 2010.
The disempowering effect of lack of knowledge, and the downstream impacts on health behaviours and outcomes, underpins the disadvantage of First Nations people.
The community environment clearly has a large influence on child development, but exactly which factors are most important?
Research has started to identify the key factors in creating communities that promote good early childhood development.
If youths with brain impairment had been identified and supported early, their entry into the justice system could have been avoided entirely.
New research assessing young people in WA detention found 89% were severely impaired in at least one area of brain function. One in three had fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
While death rates from heart and kidney disease have dropped among Indigenous people, death rates from cancer are on the rise.
Politicians make sweeping statements on how to close the gap. But here's advice from people working directly with Indigenous communities who have evidence for what actually works.
Impetigo happens when itching causes the skin to break and let in disease-causing bacteria.
While school sores – or impetigo – is a treatable condition, if left untreated it can lead to much more serious illness such as kidney and heart disease.
The ruling comes as a relief to many in the trans community.
Until now, Australia was the only country that required youth with gender dysphoria to seek approval from the Family Court for the second stage of hormone treatments.
Many health professionals don’t know how to support transgender young people when they seek help.
We all have a responsibility to improve the well-being of Australian young people, and the current rates of poor mental health in our trans young people aren't good enough.
Most important for now is that we look after pregnant women experiencing depression.
A new paper published today has reported a small increase in the number of children born with autism from mothers who were using antidepressant medication while pregnant.
Wes Mountain/The Conversation
The Conversation asked eight authors from across its sections to tell us about their favourite podcasts – and why you should tune in.
Indigenous Australians in the Northern Territory are more than 100 times as likely to have rheumatic heart disease than their non-Indigenous counterparts.
Screenshot/Take Heart - Strep: Group A Streptococcal Infection
Rheumatic heart disease is responsible for the highest gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians; higher than diabetes or kidney failure.
The programs aim to influence teens to think seriously about contraception and the consequences of their sexual choices.
Electronic baby simulators given to schoolgirls as part of a sex education program may make teenage girls more, not less, likely to become pregnant, a new Australian study has found.
Liberal MP Sharman Stone, speaking on Q&A.
Liberal Party backbencher Sharman Stone told the Q&A audience that Australia has some of the highest rates per capita of fetal alcohol syndrome in the world. We check the research.
The effects observed in the study are still small and inconsistent.
A synthetic version of the hormone oxytocin has been shown to improve social responsiveness among some children with autism.
Scoliosis is a sideways curve that can’t be fixed by simply sitting up straighter.
Scoliosis can affect children of all ages and can have particularly severe effects when it develops early or in association with another medical condition. If the condition progresses and becomes severe…