A Ukrainian war crimes investigator photographs the aftermath of a Russian missile attack in Zatoka, Ukraine, on July 26, 2022.
Nina Liashonok/Ukrinform/Future Publishing via Getty Images
Other recent conflicts that resulted in war crimes allegations help explain how complex it will be to gather evidence of war crimes in Ukraine – and provide answers for families of victims of the war.
Protesters demand the freedom of the Sahrawi population.
Jesus Merida/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images
Long considered a frozen conflict, the Western Sahara dispute roared back to life in late 2020, reviving old wounds and inflicting fresh ones.
Female police officers working with the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Liberia participate in a parade in 2008.
UN Photo/Christopher Herwig
The UN has been working for 20 years to increase the number of female peacekeepers – but countries that give their troops to the UN are reluctant to put more women in active combat.
An Esperanto teacher instructs a class in a room with a painting of the language’s creator on the wall.
Janek Skarzynski/AFP via Getty Images
Created in Europe during a time of intercultural struggle and strife, Esperanto was meant as a communication tool to spread peace among the people of the world. Its speakers are still at it.
A museum in Trostyanets, destroyed during the Russian military invasion of Ukraine.
Cultural artifacts are at risk of destruction during war, but Ukrainian archivists, curators and librarians have been working to protect them during the war.
The world has seen widespread climate protests in recent years.
Global climate movements have espoused nonviolence, but some are adopting more radical tactics in light of the increasing threats posed by climate change.
Our research shows that although climate change is a key factor in starting conflict in eastern Africa, it’s not always the most important one.
The opening ceremony of an African Union session in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Eduardo Soteras/AFP via Getty Images
The Panel of the Wise shows promise but more needs to be done to turn it into a proactive pillar of Africa’s peace and security system.
A pop-up memorial in The Hague for those lives lost crossing into Europe.
Photo by Romy Arroyo Fernandez/NurPhoto via GettyImages
The world’s indifference to Black African refugees is its own form of trauma.
Approach conversations with curiosity.
Ground Picture | Shutterstock
Finding ways to make talking about diversity less of a confrontation and more of a dialogue is crucial.
Police officers under the African Union.
Stuart Price/AFP via Getty Images
The African Union’s Continental Early Warning System was created to anticipate and prevent conflicts, but it’s gone.
Phone surveys were used to gather data in Ethiopia.
Photo by EDUARDO SOTERAS/AFP via Getty Images
Our work highlights the potential of phone surveys to monitor active and large-scale conflicts.
An armed man guards cattle in a village in South Sudan.
Simon Maina/AFP via Getty Images
The idea of what it means to be South Sudanese is not universally accepted in the young nation.
A man flees from teargas fired by anti-riot police in Nairobi after Kenya’s 2017 elections.
Tony Karumba/AFP via Getty Images
To predict - and prevent - election-related violence, it’s important to first understand the key drivers of conflict.
The body of a serviceman near a destroyed Russian military vehicle.
Sergey Bobok/AFP via Getty Images
Estimates of casualties from the war in Ukraine have varied widely. Some of this is due to genuine difficulty counting the dead, but there are also strategic reasons to put out misleading death tolls.
Two Ukrainian soldiers patrol a street as elderly women walk past a house damaged by artillery shelling in Novoluhanske in eastern Ukraine on Feb. 23, 2022.
(AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)
A new form of conflict resource is real estate — the farms, houses, apartment buildings, villages, towns and cities of any country. Real estate trafficking has a big impact on civilian populations.
Indonesia received the G20 presidency from Italy.
Laily Rache/Antara Foto
Past sanctions on Russia, including being expelled from another international forum, haven’t had the desired results. So why try the same thing again?
People receiving medical treatment at the entrance hall of Ayder Referral Hospital in Mekele, the capital of Tigray region, Ethiopia.
YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images
Unless special attention is given to conflict and HIV the war will undermine the achievement of the 2030 goals to end AIDS, discrimination, and new infections.
Cameroonian demonstrators in Belgium demand President Biya step down and release all political prisoners.
Photo by Jonathan Raa/NurPhoto via Getty Images
Anglophone grievances run deep and have remained unaddressed for a long time.
A stash of Kalashnikovs and locally made hunting rifles surrendered by a local vigilante group in Zamfara State, northwest Nigeria.
Photo by Kola Sulaimon/AFP via Getty Images
New illicit flows of arms and ammunition contribute to fueling conflict and instability in West Africa.