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Articles on Conflict

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A Ukrainian war crimes investigator photographs the aftermath of a Russian missile attack in Zatoka, Ukraine, on July 26, 2022. Nina Liashonok/Ukrinform/Future Publishing via Getty Images

Proving war crimes isn’t simple – a forensics expert explains what’s involved with documenting human rights violations during conflicts, from Afghanistan to Ukraine

Other recent conflicts that resulted in war crimes allegations help explain how complex it will be to gather evidence of war crimes in Ukraine – and provide answers for families of victims of the war.
Protesters demand the freedom of the Sahrawi population. Jesus Merida/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Unpacking the power plays over Western Sahara

Long considered a frozen conflict, the Western Sahara dispute roared back to life in late 2020, reviving old wounds and inflicting fresh ones.
Female police officers working with the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Liberia participate in a parade in 2008. UN Photo/Christopher Herwig

Why men overwhelmingly wear the UN’s blue helmets – a former US ambassador explains why decades of recruiting women peacekeepers has had little effect

The UN has been working for 20 years to increase the number of female peacekeepers – but countries that give their troops to the UN are reluctant to put more women in active combat.
Phone surveys were used to gather data in Ethiopia. Photo by EDUARDO SOTERAS/AFP via Getty Images

What people from war-torn Tigray told us about the state of their lives amid the war

Our work highlights the potential of phone surveys to monitor active and large-scale conflicts.
Two Ukrainian soldiers patrol a street as elderly women walk past a house damaged by artillery shelling in Novoluhanske in eastern Ukraine on Feb. 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

Stolen real estate — like blood diamonds — is funding deadly conflicts

A new form of conflict resource is real estate — the farms, houses, apartment buildings, villages, towns and cities of any country. Real estate trafficking has a big impact on civilian populations.
A stash of Kalashnikovs and locally made hunting rifles surrendered by a local vigilante group in Zamfara State, northwest Nigeria. Photo by Kola Sulaimon/AFP via Getty Images

Arms trade to Africa can be opaque: why this is dangerous

New illicit flows of arms and ammunition contribute to fueling conflict and instability in West Africa.

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