Barbara Jane Davy researches how religion and unconscious or nonrational factors influence human relations with the environment. She holds a PhD in religion from Concordia University, and a PhD in social and ecological sustainability at the University of Waterloo. Her recent research focuses on ritual, environmental values, and the development of conscience in contemporary Heathenry. She is the author of Introduction to Pagan Studies and editor of the three volume collection Paganism: Critical Concepts in Religious Studies. Her teaching experience and interests are in the areas of religion and ecology, sustainability thought, and Big History. She has taught at Concordia University, Carleton University, and the University of Waterloo.