PhD candidate, Centre of Criminology, University of Cape Town

Carina is a PhD candidate at the Centre of Criminology at the University of Cape Town. Her research is focused on responses to organized crime at sea, specifically heroin and ivory trafficking in the Western Indian Ocean around the east African coast, using the international community's response to piracy off the Horn of Africa as a possible model. She has done extensive research on heroin trafficking along the southern heroin trafficking route stretching from Afghanistan to East and Southern Africa, ivory poaching and trafficking from East Africa to Asia, as well as the global response to Somali piracy. She has also served as a consultant for the United Nations.


  • 2015–present
    PhD Candidate, Centre of Criminology, University of Cape Town
  • 2018–2018
    Consultant, United Nations


  • 2012 
    University of Cape Town, Diploma in Legal Practice
  • 2011 
    University of Stellenbosch, LLM
  • 2010 
    University of Stellenbosch, LLB

Grants and Contracts

  • 2018
    Postgraduate Funding Office
    Funding Source:
    University of Cape Town
  • 2017
    PhD Scholarship
    Funding Source:
    Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime
  • 2017
    Dissertation fellowship
    Dissertation Fellow
    Funding Source:
    Social Science Research Council