PhD candidate, Institute for Safety Governance and Criminology, University of Cape Town

Carina is a third year PhD candidate at the Institute for Safety Governance and Criminology at the University of Cape Town. Her research is focused on responses to organized crime, specifically heroin and ivory trafficking in East Africa, using the international community's response to piracy off the Horn of Africa as a possible model. She has done extensive research on heroin trafficking along the southern heroin trafficking route stretching from Afghanistan to East and Southern Africa, ivory poaching and trafficking from East Africa to Asia, as well as the global response to Somali piracy.


  • –present
    PhD candidate, Centre of Criminology/Institute for Safety Governance and CriminologyUn, University of Cape Town


  • 2012 
    University of Cape Town, Diploma in Legal Practice
  • 2011 
    University of Stellenbosch, LLM
  • 2010 
    University of Stellenbosch, LLB

Grants and Contracts

  • 2017
    PhD Scholarship
    Funding Source:
    Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime
  • 2017
    Dissertation fellowship
    Dissertation Fellow
    Funding Source:
    Social Science Research Council