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I joined BCU shortly after completing my PhD in comparative psychology. During this process, I developed a passion for statistics and research methods, which I continues to teach across the BSc programmes at BCU.

My research interests focus in understanding the evolution of culture, in humans and non-humans. My work has typically focussed on great apes and drawn comparisons between them and humans to make inferences about our last common ancestor and the emergence of our culture. My research aims to dispel some of the misconceptions about the cultures of our closest living relatives and promote conservation and further study of these critically endangered species.


  • 2019–present
    Lecturer, Birmingham City University


  • 2020 
    University of Birmingham, PhD
  • 2016 
    University of Birmingham, MSc
  • 2015 
    Bangor University, BSc (Hons)


  • 2020
    Testing the individual and social learning abilities of task-naïve captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes sp.) in a nut-cracking task., PeerJ
  • 2017
    Food cleaning in gorillas: Social learning is a possibility but not a necessity., PLoS One

Grants and Contracts

  • 2021
    Investigating the drivers of tool use in our closest living great ape relatives
    Funding Source:
    British Academy