Giuseppe Spatafora started his DPhil in International Relations at Oxford in 2019. His research interest lies in the area of international security, civil wars, and alliance theory. For his DPhil project, Giuseppe researches variation in external support for armed groups in a civil war: why do foreign actors choose to support warring parties? How does support vary, and why? And what consequences does it have for the evolution of the conflict and relations among armed actors and external sponsors?