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Lecturer, School of Environment, Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University

Hanabeth's previous and current research focus consist of:

- Social license to operate
- Barriers to uptake of research and development
- Farmer land management and planning strategies
- Community perceptions of natural resource management
- Extension of GeoScience research, including the rehabilitation of East Trinity, Cairns
- Gender equity in STEMM

In regards to teaching, Hanabeth is the Unit Assessor for Global Environmental Issues and Science in Society. She has been involved with the delivery of a number of units with the School of Environment, Science & Engineering since 2011, including Protected Area Management; Geology; Hydrology and Climatology; and Water and Catchment Management.

She began her degree in Coastal Management at Southern Cross University in 2001, graduating in 2005. In 2006 she spent some time in the United Kingdom, gaining a Post Graduate Certificate in Education from the University of Plymouth. After teaching Environmental Science, Geography, World Development and Sociology for several years, she returned to SCU in order hone her teaching and research skills at the School of Environment, Science and Engineering in 2011.

During her Honours year, Hanabeth focused on social dynamics within the growing social movement responding to coal-seam gas (CSG) industry developments in Eastern Australia, with a focus on the use of mind-mapping as a communication tool for group decision-making.

In 2012 she worked with stakeholder groups to develop the question for the Lismore City Council Poll on CSG, implementing an extensive community survey in order to determine voter motivations behind differing community perspectives of the industry. In 2013 she carried out a comparative survey in the neighbouring Richmond Valley area, as well as numerous interviews with residents of the Queensland gasfields.

Other work she is passionate about is engagement with science, working with farmers and land managers to identify aspirations, challenges, and barriers to the uptake of research and development. In 2016, she completed a science-communication project, compiling 30 years of complex science on the East Trinity acid sulfate soil intertidal wetland into a concise case study.

Her PhD, completed in 2016, is titled: The Role of Social License for Industrial Development in Rural Areas, with a Case Study of Coal Seam Gas in Eastern Australia, she has since published several papers and reports on this topic, with more in process.


Journal Articles

Luke, Hanabeth, M Brueckner, and Nia Emanouil. (2018). Unconventional gas development in Australia: a critical review of its social license. Extractive Industries and Society 5 (4):648-662.,52IrqZHQ

Luke, Hanabeth, Elisabet Dueholm Rasch, Darrick Evensen, and Michiel Köhne. (2018). Is ‘activist’ a dirty word? Place identity, activism, and unconventional gas development across three continents. Extractive Industries and Society 5 (4):524-534.,oMyQDWYo

Stimpson, K., Luke, H. & Lloyd, D. (2018). Understanding macadamia grower demographics and management practices to improve engagement and extension: a case study in the Northern Rivers, Australia. Australian Geographer, 49(2). Available from:

Luke, H. (2017). Social resistance to coal seam gas development in the Northern Rivers region of Eastern Australia: proposing a diamond model of social license to operate. Land Use Policy, 69(Supplement C), 266-280. doi:

Luke, H., Martens, M. A., Moon, E. M., Smith, D., Ward, N. J., & Bush, R. T. (2017). Ecological restoration of a severely degraded coastal acid sulfate soil: A case study of the East Trinity wetland, Queensland. Ecological Management & Restoration, 18(2), 103-114. doi:10.1111/emr.1226

Luke, H. (2016). East Trinity remediation and rehabilitation after Acid Sulfate Soil contamination, north Queensland. Ecological Management & Restoration. Project summary published online March 13th 2016. Available from:

Luke, H., Lloyd, D., Boyd, W., & den Exter, K. (2014). Unconventional gas development: why a regional community said no. Geographical Research, 52(3).

Luke, H., Lloyd, D. and den Exter, K. (2014). Improving Conservation Community Group Effectiveness Using Mind Mapping and Action Research. Conservation and Society, 12(1).

Luke, H., den Exter, K., Lloyd, D., Boyd, B. and Roche, B. (2013). Developing the Lismore CSG Poll – A University/Local Government Collaboration. Journal of Economic and Social Policy, 15(3).

Lloyd, D., Luke, H. and Boyd, W.E. (2013). Community perspectives of natural resource extraction: coal-seam gas mining and social identity in Eastern Australia. Coolabah, 10, 144-164. Available from: .

Book Chapter

Luke H, Evensen D. (2018). Community representations of unconventional gas development in Australia, Canada and the United States, and their effect on social licence. Chapter in Governing Shale Gas, eds. J Whitton, M Cotton, I Charnley-Parry, K Brasier. London: Routledge, pp. 130-148.

Conference papers

Luke, H. (2016). The role of community engagement initiatives in establishing social license for industrial projects. RUN Regional Futures Conference, CQUniversity, Rockhampton, 21-24th June.

Luke, H. (2015). Socio-political dimensions of fracking. Paper presented to The XXVI European Society for Rural Sociology Congress: Places of Possibility? Rural Societies in a Neoliberal World, Online Proceedings. Aberdeen, Scotland, 18-21 August. Available from:

Luke, H., Lloyd, D. (2015). 'Unconventional gas development and deliberative democracy: a report of findings from the 2012 Lismore election poll and exit-poll survey (New South Wales, Australia)'. Presented to the XXVI European Society for Rural Sociology Congress: Places of Possibility? Rural Societies in a Neoliberal World, Online Proceedings. Aberdeen, Scotland, 18-21 August. Available from:

Luke, H. & Stimpson, K. (2014). Macadamia grower aspirations and challenges in the Northern Rivers. Paper presented at the Australian Macadamia Society 40th Anniversary Industry Conference. Lismore: AMS.

CRC CARE. (2018). Remediating and managing coastal acid sulfate soils using Lime Assisted Tidal Exchange (LATE) at East Trinity, Queensland, CRC CARE Technical Report no. 41, CRC for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment, Newcastle, Australia. Available from:

Luke, H., Martens, M. A., & Smith, D. (2017). Lime Assisted Tidal Exchange (LATE). East Trinity: a demonstration site for the remediation and management of coastal acid sulfate soils. Technical Report. Brisbane: Queensland Government Department of Environment and Science.

Lloyd, D., Luke, H., & Stimpson, K. (2015). 'Understanding the social demographics and business aspirations of Australian macadamia growers'. Sydney: Horticultural Innovations Australia.

Sidangoli, M., Luke, H., Murray, C., Holloway, C., Burn, C., McHugh, D., Rassaby, J., O’Reilly, K., Brown, M., Harper, S., Hamlyn, S., and Lloyd, D. (2015). A preliminary assessment of marine debris at Bunaken Island, North Sulawesi, including an analysis of social perspectives. A report prepared by recipients of the Asia Bound Scholarship Program, 2014. Lismore: Southern Cross University.

Luke, H., Lloyd, D. (2013). Report to Lismore City Council on community perspectives of coal seam gas developments. Lismore: Southern Cross University.

Luke, H. and Lloyd, D. (2013). Preliminary report on community perspectives of gas industry developments in Page: Results from an election-day survey at the 2013 federal election. Lismore: Southern Cross University.

Luke, H. (2012). Shock Waves, Finding Peace after the Bali bomb. Self published. Available from:

Luke, H. (2016). East Trinity remediation and rehabilitation after acid sulfate soil contamination, north Queensland. ASSAY 68, March 2016. Sydney: Department of Primary Industries. Available from:

Luke (2013). We need more research into the safety of CSG, says community. The Conversation. February 7. Available from:


  • 2007–2010
    Lecturer in Environmental Science, Geography & Sociology, Truro College


  • 2017 
    Southern Cross University, PhD on Social License for Industrial Development
  • 2011 
    Southern Cross University, 1st Class Honours in Environmental Science
  • 2007 
    University of Plymouth, Post Graduate Certificate in Education


  • 2012
    Shock Waves,

Grants and Contracts

  • 2018
    Social License in Horticulture
    Funding Source:
    Southern Cross University Centre for Organics Research
  • 2013
    Understanding the social demographics and business aspirations of Australian macadamia growers HAL Project code: MC13000
    Funding Source:
    Horticultural Innovations Australia
  • 2012
    Student scholarship
    Funding Source:
    PESA (Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia

Research Areas

  • Decision Making (170202)
  • Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation And Social Impact Assessment (160801)
  • Environmental Education And Extension (050203)
  • Research, Science And Technology Policy (160511)
  • Social And Community Psychology (170113)
  • Natural Resource Management (050209)
  • Rural Sociology (160804)
  • Organisational, Interpersonal And Intercultural Communication (200105)


Commendation for Brave Conduct