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Associate Professor of Political Theory, UCL

I write about a variety of ethical questions facing democratic citizens and policymakers. My recent or forthcoming work appears in various journals, including The Journal of Political Philosophy, Annual Review of Political Science, British Journal of Political Science, Law and Philosophy, Journal of Applied Philosophy, and Philosophy & Public Affairs.

My current work concerns free speech in the digital era, focusing on how to combat speech that incites violence, inflames hate, and disseminates disinformation, especially online. I have recently published papers on hate speech, incitement, and counter-speech. As part of this project, I am currently writing on the moral and legal responsibilities of social media companies, especially concerning erroneous news content, and about the ethics of propaganda.

I have also worked on the philosophy of criminal punishment, the ethics of counter-terrorism, and topics in normative democratic theory.


  • –present
    Lecturer in Political Philosophy, University of Essex