Michal Perlman is a Professor of Applied Psychology and Human Development at the University of Toronto. She is also cross-appointed at U of T's Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy. Michal studies interactions between parents and children and between siblings in families with young children. She also focuses on issues related to quality in early childhood education and care (ECEC) including how it should be defined and measured as well as the links between different aspects of ECEC program quality and child outcomes. Dr. Perlman has worked with different levels of government to explore how ECEC quality measurement can be used for monitoring and quality improvement purposes.