Mohammed Khan's research interests are in the area of public administration, politics, and minority rights. His regional specialization is North America and South Asia. His doctoral research focuses on the quota policies in India and their impact on Muslim identity and politics.
His academic work consists of a broad range of themes: ethnic violence, identity politics, religion, social exclusion, financial exclusion and affirmative action policies. A continuing interest remains on the intersection of religion, policy and business.
He is the recipient of the Lal Bahadur Shastri Graduate Student Prize 2011.