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Natalie Boyd Williams

PhD candidate Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling

I am a chemical engineer turned social scientist.

Whilst studying for a PGDip in Sanitation for Development I became interested in social sciences, particularly around sanitation provision, energy access and behaviour change. I am undertaking an interdisciplinary PhD where I am investigating the role that toilet-liked anaerobic digestion can play in creating sustainable rural futures. I am focussing particularly on the cultural barriers that arise from using biogas for cooking derived from human excreta as a feedstock. My work is currently focused in Nepal and India.


  • 2018–present
    PhD student , University of Stirling


  • 2018 
    Cranfield University , PGDip
  • 2011 
    University of Birmingham , MEng


  • 2021
    Taboos, toilets and biogas: Socio-technical pathways to acceptance of a sustainable household technology, Energy Research and Social Science