I am a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation, University of Pretoria. I hold a PhD in Political Sciences from the University of Pretoria. Previously I worked for the government of Kenya in regional conflict mitigation, focusing on the Great Lakes and Central African region. On four occasions, I have served on the United Nations (UN) expert group on the DRC and the UN Panel on Liberia under the appointment of the UN Secretary General. I am also involved in conflict risk analysis in Africa, as well as development of pro-poor resilience alternatives. My current research is on security and governance in Africa. I also focus on the impact of regulatory instruments on the governance of natural resources exploitation and the wellbeing of local communities in Africa. I often engage in conflict risk analysis, disarmament and the promotion of practical policy formulation and implementation.