Rollie Lal is an Associate Professor at the Elliott School of International Affairs where she teaches graduate courses on Transnational Security, Foreign Policy, and International Political Economy. Her research focuses on organized crime, terrorism, religious extremism, human rights, and other areas. Previously Dr. Lal was Associate Professor for the U.S. Department of Defense. Dr. Lal also served as Assistant Professor at the Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School in Gent, Belgium and St. Petersburg, Russia, where she taught MBA courses on international business management. From 2002-06 Dr. Lal was a political scientist at RAND, where she performed research and analysis on a wide spectrum of economic and security issues. She is the author of several books, including Terrorist Criminal Enterprises, Understanding China and India, Central Asia and Its Asian Neighbors, Iran's Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities, and The Muslim World After 9/11. She has also published articles in media including The Financial Times, The New York Times, and The Atlantic. Dr. Lal received her Ph.D. in International Relations and her M.A. in Strategic Studies and International Economics from The Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, and her B.A. in Economics from the University of Maryland at College Park.