My first degree was in Social Anthropology from the University of Edinburgh, followed by a PhD in Politics also from Edinburgh. I have held academic posts at the University of Edinburgh, University of London (Institute of Psychiatry, Birkbeck College and Goldsmiths College) and Middlesex University.
I was Professor of Social Policy at Goldsmiths College and Director of Research and PostGraduate Studies (Health and Social Science) at Middlesex. I am an Associate Editor of the International Journal of Drug Policy and a member of the International Editorial Board of the journal Drugs: education, prevention and policy. I have been a Scientific Advisor to the Department of Health and was Programme Coordinator for their Drug Misuse Research Initiative from 2000 to 2008.
Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences