Mining strips nitrogen from the soil and means the forest struggles to grow back even after mines are abandoned.
You would think that anyone in the gold industry would be getting rich right now, but informal miners in many countries are missing out.
There's 33 times more gold in the average handset than in the equivalent amount of ore. Yet the vast majority is never recovered.
There are telling parallels between the current pandemic and those that decimated indigenous populations in the post-Columbian era in the Amazon.
Efforts to regulate the lucrative mining venture are not proving successful due to collusion and corruption.
Much of the devastation of our globe's natural resources traces its origins to early colonialism. These relationships continue to define the extraction of resources that severely impact ecosystems.
Gold is one of 12 confirmed elements on the periodic table whose discoverer is unknown.
The industrial patterns of mining shaped many Australian towns, which found varied uses for disused mine sites. The mining boom ensures the challenges these sites present will be with us a long time.
A recent spate of attacks have left local people scared for their safety in rural Madagascar, threatening vital conservation work in the nearby rainforest.
In just a few years, Burkina Faso has become the fourth largest gold exporter in Africa. But with 43% of the population still below the poverty line, what are the local benefits?
Old landfills could be, quite literally, untapped gold mines.
Historical gold mining at the Giant Mine near Yellowknife, N.W.T. released toxic arsenic into the environment. Snowshoe hares are showing signs of poisoning.
Class action is a newish feature within South Africa's legal landscape. Cases such as the silicosis matter are likely to influence many more.
Hailie Selassie thought his country's gold could rival the biggest deposits in the world. He may be proven right.
The Atrato River has been awarded rights. But it will be tough to translate these abstract ideals into actual progress.
The Western Australian government is trying to improve its budget position but businesses claim increasing royalties will deter investment.
Last week Brazil opened thousands of kilometres of previously protected Amazon rainforest to mining, in a bid to combat ongoing political and economic disasters.
Gold is both a blessing and a curse for rural Niger.
Two musicals set in working class mining communities -- one in the UK and the other in South Africa -- have diametrically opposed messages: one of hope; the other, despair.
Developing countries often welcome Australian mining companies into their communities, but when things go wrong, communication is key.