An aerial view of the Bokoni homesteads in modern-day Mpumalanga, South Africa.
We now know that Bokoni Phase I was built as early as the 15th century – before the arrival of European colonisation or trade.
A variety of clues can tip off archaeologists about a promising spot for excavation.
Archaeologists used to dig primarily at sites that were easy to find thanks to obvious visual clues. But technology – and listening to local people – plays a much bigger role now.
LONDON NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM / EPA
You can’t own a human, so why can you own their remains? We need to stop treating human fossils as objects.
Studying ancient African societies, like Great Zimbabwe, can reveal how communities dealt with disease and pandemics.
Werner Forman/Universal Images Group/Getty Images
Archaeologists have long studied diseases in past populations. They’ve explored the evolution of pathogens and how they interacted with humans.
People have been modifying Earth – as in these rice terraces near Pokhara, Nepal – for millennia.
Erle C. Ellis
Hundreds of archaeologists provided on-the-ground data from across the globe, providing a new view of the long and varied history of people transforming Earth’s environment.
Doonagore Castle, which Cadbury incorrectly identified as Mooghaun Fort in its ad campaign.
A swift response from the heritage community prevented damage to sites of national heritage.
Firefighter Jose Corona sprays water as flames from the Camp Fire consume a home in Magalia, Calif., on Nov. 9, 2018.
(AP Photo/Noah Berger)
With the dire consequences of climate change looming, archaeologists recognize the importance of communicating their findings on ancient landscapes and the threats that face vulnerable populations.
A line of protesters against the construction of the Dakota Access oil pipeline on the Standing Rock Reservation in North Dakota head to a unity rally on the west steps of the State Capitol in September 2016 in Denver.
(AP Photo/David Zalubowski)
Development projects are claiming ancestral sites at alarming rates. This ineffective protection of Indigenous heritage is a violation of human rights.
Here’s a modern human skull on the left, and Neanderthal skull on the right.
Maeve, age 8, has a question that has stumped many scientists over the years. And that’s because it’s a surprisingly tricky question to answer. It depends a bit on what you mean by ‘person’.
Tapping into ancient DNA can help us understand ancient humans’ movements and lives.
Illustration: Marlize Lombard, Maryna Steyn and Anders Högberg
Archaeology is not only about stones and bones: it is mainly about the people of the past. DNA is one way to get from the stones and the bones to the people and their stories.
Marcoo was a 1.4 kilotonne ground-level nuclear test carried out at Maralinga in 1956. The contaminated debris was buried at this site in the 1967 clean-up known as Operation Brumby.
History is writ large in the remote areas around Woomera and the Nullarbor: from the fossils of microscopic, cell-like creatures to ancient stone tools to the deitrus of rocket tests and the painful legacy of the Maralinga atomic blasts.
Third-year archaeology student Dominic Coe replicates a painting of rhino based on the original image in France’s Grotte Chauvet.
In an ideal world, students might visit original cave sites to see ancient paintings in their natural setting. This isn’t possible, so the idea of an artificial cave set-up at a university was born.
A depiction of the destruction.
Humam Alsalim and Rami Bakhos
Work is already underway to repair the damage to the ancient city of Palmyra in Syria, but we need to question if technology will take things too far.
The San are the oldest inhabitants of southern Africa, where they have lived for millennia.
The San are caught between a rock and an art place. While they face an uncertain future, myths and meaning come under the spotlight in a new book.
This selection of stone tools provides a glimpse into the implements used by Africans 50 000 to 60 000 years ago.
Stone tools have been integral to the way archaeologists have told the human story.