Multiple difficult childhood experiences can lead to depression and anxiety during college, research has found. Lack of support often makes things worse.
The execution of Lisa Montgomery in the U.S. earlier this year demonstrates how society misunderstands the effects of mental illness and trauma on criminal behaviour.
Childhood trauma is far more pervasive and injurious than many people know. Its effects last long into adulthood, if left untreated. A trauma psychiatrist unpacks its effects on the developing brain.
Adverse childhood events can not only cause lasting psychological effects but also learning problems. That, in turn, worsens health outcomes, as literacy is an integral part of health care.