With even seasoned cruisers now perceiving the holidays to be risky, the industry faces a huge challenge to win back trust.
A loyal customer base will help the cruise liner industry as it takes its first tentative steps towards recovering from the pandemic.
Some 1,500 years ago, the Plague of Justinian spread via ships from North Africa to Europe and Asia, killing up to 50 million people.
The ongoing quarantine and travel disruptions facing cruise ships are the latest in a long history of health outbreaks they've had to contend with.
For any physical inconvenience or emotional distress caused by a tour operator, there is a legal precedent for claiming compensation. But, as with all contracts, you need to read the fine print.
A cruise can be a fantastic holiday. But it certainly won't be if you end up confined to the bathroom with gastro.
How to make your holiday better for the environment through sustainable tourism.