Improvisation asks us to trust that surprise will teach us something. As we enter a new year and a post-pandemic landscape, musical improvisation offers inspiration.
Though he lived hard and died young, Bird's genre-busting style of sax playing ignited jazz's bebop revolution.
The Munich-based record label ECM specialises in jazz and Western classical music. The artistry found in its catalogue allows a degree of abstraction that can be energising while enduring a pandemic.
The magazine grew to be the largest circulation publication for black readers in South Africa, and expanded to include East and West African editions.
Rap songs from Public Enemy and Ludacris have been heard at marches over the killing of George Floyd. But the history of Black American music as a form of protest dates back to the 19th century.
Since the lockdown in South Africa several jazz musicians have begun to harness online platforms in novel ways.
Davis's 1970 album Bitches Brew turned jazz on its head and paved the way for fusion. More recently, Radiohead cited it as a key influence.
Clyde Stubblefield's drumming has been sampled or imitated more than 1,000 times since it was recorded in 1970.
Victor Abimbola Olaiya took up highlife music in the late 1950s and combined it with the trumpet to improve on its texture and aesthetic quality.
The Tariff Board was told that if women could buy music that was cheap they would buy music that was dirty.
The release of a John Coltrane movie soundtrack from 1964 has brought jazz movies into focus.
The politics of Jonas Gwangwa's music have stayed constant over the years, and are also apparent in the eight albums he has released in South Africa since returning from 30 years of exile.
Mac Rebennack took the stage name Dr John and a persona based on a real-life voodoo prince.
From spirituals about the trials of slavery to the fight for civil rights and the modern rhythms of swing music, Duke Ellington told a story about black life that was both beautiful and complex.
Muslims are not new to America. The first Muslims came as slaves and left a deep influence on a host of music genres, such as the blues and jazz.
Jazz used to be experienced on a dance floor. But over time, it became something to dissect and analyze.
Behind the wordless language of the jazz greats.
For a musician anywhere, surviving and prospering within the genre called jazz has never been easy, and it still isn't.
Philip Tabane was unlike any other musician. His music was intimately woven into his cosmology and spirituality.
A greater synergy between academics and practitioners is needed to progress hip hop for it to be taken seriously as a core area for study.