Iran funds a large network of armed groups across the Middle East as part of its ambition to replace the US as regional power.
The Biden administration has calibrated its strikes so as not to provoke a wider armed conflict in the region.
Iran prefers to engage Israel through its proxies, but the risk of escalation makes this a dangerous strategy.
Iran has expanded its network of partners across the Middle East. But it isn’t a simple case of Tehran dictating the terms of the alliance.
Conflict between Lebanon and Israel looms – it would throw the Lebanese economy further into crisis.
Israel and Hezbollah are engaged in tit-for-tat attacks, but a diplomatic path still exists to avoid an escalation.
Facing opposition to a peace deal within his own cabinet, Israel’s prime minister will find it difficult to agree an international peace deal and hold on to power.
It appears that, for now at least, Iran is happy to allow Gaza to be the epicentre of Middle East conflict. But all that could change quickly.
From Myanmar to Pakistan, these countries have long-simmering conflicts or increasingly dissatisfied publics that could worsen in the new year.
The use of such incendiary devices is only legal under very specific circumstances. A careful examination of the evidence is now required.
Israel is effectively fighting a war on two fronts.
Israel is fighting a broad coalition of armed Palestinian militias in Gaza − and then there’s Hezbollah, just across the border in Lebanon.
Some of the best analysis from our coverage of the war in Gaza.
Lebanon has problems enough of its own without a major conflict on its border.
While Iran is wary of entering into direct war with Israel, Tehran has been lending support to Yemen’s Houthis, Irak’s Shia militias as well as the Lebanese Hezbollah.
Countries like Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Qatar all have a stake in the outcome of the war – but none want to be actively involved in fighting.
Hezbollah dominates Lebanon’s sectarian political system, giving the paralyzed government little choice if the militant group chooses to join Hamas’ war against Israel.
Hezbollah’s full involvement in the latest Israeli-Palestinian conflict would likely open up a regional war.
The charges against Hassan Diab and two other senior politicians will challenge the pervading culture of impunity in Lebanon.
Many displaced Syrians responded to harsh border controls by passing through permeable borders, using alternative routes and relying upon the use of smugglers and social networks.