Treatment of POWs by Ukraine and Russia is breaking international rules.
When it comes to war crimes in Ukraine, the Kremlin is intimately following the Syrian playbook. To prevent further atrocities, leaders must now draw the lessons from the conflict in Western Asia.
Ukrainian fighters are utilizing a maze of tunnels in Mariupol and other key cities. The use of the underground in conflict has a rich history.
Many crew members from merchant ships have escaped, but plenty more are stuck on cold ships with supplies of everything from food to medicines fast running out.
Eastern Ukraine braces for a fresh onslaught by Russia’s war machine.
There are unconfirmed reports that Russia has used chemical weapons in Ukraine. Syria’s recent chemical weapons use offers context for understanding this tactic. Chemical weapons terrify civilians.
Ukraine and Russia have already been facing off in Donbas for eight years. Now the stage is set for a crucial confrontation there.
What would allow Vladimir Putin to save face in Ukraine in terms of negotiating a ceasefire? Ukraine would likely have to cede its NATO aspirations as well as territory in the east.
As the invasion continues, humanitarian workers could become a target of the Russian army.
Daily life for many Ukrainians is dismal: hungry, cold and frightened, say friends of the author who are caught by the conflict.
Military behaviour usually becomes more restrained when troops feel securely in control of a city. That means Ukrainian civilians may bear the brunt of growing Russian military frustration.