Articles on World War I

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President Woodrow Wilson addressing a joint session of Congress on April 2, 1917, urging a declaration that a state of war exists. AP Photo

1917: Woodrow Wilson’s call to war pulled America onto a global stage

Wilson coined the phrase 'America First' and appealed for 'peace without victory.' But on April 2, 1917 he asked Congress for a declaration of war. The impact on American foreign policy was profound.
The Navy converted to oil from coal a few years before the U.S. entered World War I, helping to solidify petroleum’s strategic status. Naval History and Heritage Command

How World War I ushered in the century of oil

Before World War I, petroleum had few practical uses, but it emerged from the war as a strategic global asset necessary for national stability and security.
Some soldiers’ wounds in WWI were more mental than physical. George Metcalf Archival Collection

From shell-shock to PTSD, a century of invisible war trauma

Mental health trauma has always been a part of war. Treatments have come a long way over the last century, but we still don't understand why the responses change for different people and times.
Peace Delegates on the Noordam – Mrs. P. Lawrence, Jane Addams, Anna Molloy. Library of Congress

Why women’s peace activism in World War I matters now

A century ago, American women organized to protest World War I. The fact that their efforts failed isn't the most important point.
Modern high school students are learning two very different approaches to World War I. Africa Studio / Shutterstock.com

How should World War I be taught in American schools?

High school students in America learn two very different perspectives on World War I in their U.S. and world history classes. But which of these competing viewpoints should take center stage?
Aaron Douglas. "Aspects of Negro Life: From Slavery to Reconstruction." Oil on canvas, 1934. The New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Art and Artifacts Division.

How World War I sparked the artistic movement that transformed black America

Many associate post-World War I culture with Hemingway and Fitzgerald's Lost Generation. But for black artists, writers and thinkers, the war changed the way they saw their past and their future.
A road sign in the Granite Belt, in Queensland. Louise Grayson

Friday essay: Camarade – The Earth

Forty six thousand Australians died on the Western Front. After WWI, diggers were resettled in Queensland's Granite Belt, where suburbs were named after battle sites. Our photo essay explores these poignant places today.

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