Although mateship is largely seen as a positive feature of Australian life, defining it is difficult and attempts to politicise it are generally frowned upon.
Ex-service people protest the visit of US President Lyndon Johnson, December 1966.
Picture courtesy the Waddington family
A short history of the Ex-Services Human Rights Association of Australia: a group of brave returned servicemen and women who protested the Vietnam War.
Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, NZ (Tiaki reference number 1/4-009458-G)
Anzac soldiers wrote poetry about body lice, shared treatment tips and experimented with new ways of bathing.
Australian War Memorial
Amid the trauma and boredom of war, soldiers turned to reading — often magazines they wrote themselves.
Beautifully directed, powerfully acted, Peter Weir’s Gallipoli still captures the devastating emotional toll of war, 40 years after it first premiered.
Public housing tower in Flemington, Melbourne.
What might the past offer us at this moment, and how will future generations reflect on this year? How will this present become the future’s past?
Australian soldiers in the trenches at Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey in 1915.
State Library of Victoria/Wikimedia Commons
When the honour of Australia’s revered soldiers is questioned, so, too, is the national self-image. But war is an ugly business, and we pay a price for tethering it so tightly to our identity.
Descendants of soldiers who fought in the Australian Light Horse Brigade took part in a reenactment to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the battle of Beersheba in Israel in October 2017.
In Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, Anzac stories are often coloured by racism and ongoing injustices that negate the myth of Anzac ‘mateship’.
Christmas hard tack biscuit: Boer War. Australian War Memorial. Accession Number: REL/10747.
Courtesy of the Australian War Memorial
Army ration biscuits known as ‘Anzac tiles’ were durable but bland - as Australian war archives show, they served as stationery, Christmas cards and as the basis of art.
This large ‘Do Not Forget Australia’ sign in a yard at the Victoria school in Villers-Bretonneux, is the heir of smaller signs once placed in classrooms by Australian authorities.
Since the end of the first world war, the Australian media has often reported that ‘the French’ care about, remember and even venerate the Anzacs. But is this true? And which French people?
President Erdogan, electioneering at Canakkale, just across from the Gallipoli peninsula.
Attacking Erdoğan’s original comments, Morrison told a news conference they were “highly offensive to Australians and highly reckless in this very sensitive environment”.
In recent years, the purpose of the Army has diverged from the priorities of broader Australian society.
There is a troubling disconnect between a once-iconic institution and broader society.
Crowds assemble at Melbourne’s shrine of remembrance on Anzac Day, April 25, 2018,
Australia is spending cast amounts of money commemorating the war dead, but it’s time we took better care of ex-servicepeople who are still living.
Australian nurses and patients at the Auxiliary Hospital Unit in Antwerp during the first world war.
Australian War Memorial
Among all things Anzac, the contribution of women is becoming more complicated and controversial.
Part of a black cotton cushion cover depicting the Australian coat of arms embroidered by Lance Corporal Alfred Briggs (Albert Biggs), 20 Battalion, AIF.
Courtesy of Australian War Memorial
Embroidery - often seen as women’s work - was a common form of therapy for troops wounded in the first world war. One soldier, Albert Biggs, learned to sew with his left hand after his right arm was badly injured.
The internet offers a chance to personalise our commemoration by choosing when, where and how we take part.
The internet and social media are changing how we commemorate war. The hashtag #LestWeForget will be shared millions of times on Remembrance Day in tweets and Facebook comments.
Poppies at the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.
AAP Image/Lukas Coch
You can name your child ‘Anzac’ - but not your house. Are Australia’s laws restricting the use of the word Anzac still relevant?
Food was a powerful, and ever-present theme of the first world war.
Ward 43, Frank Ward, 1943. © IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6600)
From crossing cultural barriers with a cake, to starvation used as a brutal tool of war, Australian soldiers’ letters and diaries reveal an urgently important relationship with what they ate.
For those who were there one hundred years ago, Gallipoli was not the stuff of legend that it later became, but a site of regret and despair.
The Lost Battalion, 2015. Acrylic, soil, charcoal and shellac on paper. Lev Vykopal.
Fremantle Arts Centre
Tackling Gallipoli is an onerous challenge: it carries baggage that must be accommodated or unpacked with extreme care. Western Australian artist Lev Vykopal’s two exhibitions offer a mix of reverence, analysis, critique and poetry.