Traditional leaders do not adequately represent the interests of rural communities in dealing with mining companies.
A lesson from the 2012 massacre of mineworkers is the need for government to retain its role as primary governance agent, enforcing clear rules and ensuring the provision of public goods and services.
The mining industry in South Africa needs an inclusive model that builds on and improves shared value.
South Africa needs to restore trust and effective bargaining mechanisms between key stakeholders to revive the ailing economy.
South Africa's mining industry is on an unsustainable trajectory and needs to undergo fundamental transformation that emphasises transparency, equity, and community participation.