Treaties are needed to govern water resource allocation in the Nile basin region. For this to happen it's critical to have accurate data on how much water there is.
An historical perspective on the politics, dominance and conflicts over the dams on the Nile is useful.
Egypt wants a guarantee that the filling and operation of the Renaissance Dam will not affect the rights it got in 1959.
Instead of allocating the Nile waters based on a fixed, perpetual water supply Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt must consider changes in weather patterns, among other factors.
Despite more rainfall, devastating hot and dry spells are projected to become more frequent in the Upper Nile basin in the future.
There's almost no place on earth that doesn't hold traces of humanity. But which routes did our ancestors follow first?
The threat to use force to defend Egypt's right to water from the Nile has been a common theme through successive governments.
The urgency of an agreement to reasonably and equitably share benefits on the Nile Basin can't be overstated. It would create a a transparent atmosphere in the countries that depend on the Nile.