The unique challenges of the pandemic changed the way community organisations work. Organisations that worked in silos during other emergencies bundled their expertise and resources.
It's not necessarily because of Islamophobia.
The security of local aid agency workers on the front line hasn't been prioritised.
Rules imposed after 9/11 and still on the books are getting in the way of delivering aid to conflict zones. In countries like Yemen and Syria, it could mean the difference between life and death.
Non-governmental organisations are criticised for pandering to the whims of the donor community at the expense of local populations. The real question is: can they bring about real change?