In a non-policing context, having to perform such acts would be a serious assault. This is why strip searches are meant to be a last resort and only used in serious and urgent circumstances.
As a police officer, I was involved in many pursuits, investigated serious accidents and later became a researcher. Here's what I've learned about how police make decisions in a pursuit.
After a violent brawl involving African Australians on Sunday, Prime Minister Scott Morrison suggested Victoria Police needed to take a firmer hand – but it's far more complicated than that.
Not every terrorist hostage taker will be open to hostage negotiations. But everything we know from psychology tells us that some of them might be.
Policing culture is often associated with a lack of transparency and a resistance to external examination.