Articles on Oceans

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Ocean carbon storage is driven by phytoplankton blooms, like the turquoise swirls visible here in the North Sea and waters off Denmark. NASA

Tiny plankton drive processes in the ocean that capture twice as much carbon as scientists thought

Microscopic ocean phytoplankton feed a "biological pump" that carries carbon from the surface to deep waters. Scientists have found that this process stores much more carbon than previously thought.
Projects based on comprehensive understanding of gender norms in coastal communities will contribute to improved community wellbeing. www.shutterstock.com

Gender matters in coastal livelihood programs in Indonesia

Identifying and overcoming barriers to equitable participation in social and economic life can improve the well-being of coastal communities.
A whale shark, the only fully protected shark species in Indonesia, swims under a fishing net. Paul Cowell/shutterstock

Why it is important to regulate shark fisheries in Indonesia

Shark fisheries in Indonesia are an important economic resource in several areas. Hence, stronger regulations are needed to prevent declines in shark population.
The Ringtail Unicornfish, which occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific. All fish sleep, even the weird-looking ones. Bernard Spragg/Flickr

Curious Kids: how do fish sleep?

Fish may not have eyelids to close, but they sleep – and perhaps even dream.
Indonesia announced ‘war against marine plastic debris’ in 2016 as a recent study dubbed the country as the second largest waste producer in the world. www.shutterstock.com

Indonesia needs more research on how plastic waste in the ocean impact marine life. Here’s why

Indonesia is struggling to keep its waste from the oceans. The government has announced ambitious plan to curb plastic waste. However, lack of research to support the policy.
The remotely operated vehicle Deep Discoverer captures images of a newly discovered hydrothermal vent field in the western Pacific. NOAA

Curious Kids: How deep is the ocean?

In some places, the ocean is almost 7 miles deep. Scientists exploring the ocean floor have found strange sea creatures, bizarre geologic formations and records of Earth's history.

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