Articles on Outbreaks

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New York City has closed some streets to traffic to give residents more room to roam during the coronavirus pandemic, Queens, May 13, 2020. Johannes Eisele/AFP via Getty Images

How pandemics have changed American cities – often for the better

For centuries, disease outbreaks have forced cities to transform physically and operationally in ways that ultimately benefited all residents going forward.
A woman wearing a sanitary mask to guard against coronavirus checks her phone in Milan, Italy. Claudio Furlan/Lapresse via AP

Coronavirus: How Twitter could more effectively ease its impact

By providing users with pertinent and reliable disaster-related information, Twitter has the potential to reduce the impact of a disaster. So why aren't public organizations using it properly?
A 6-month-old who is infected with measles in Madagascar, March 2019. AP Photo/Laetitia Bezain

Road to measles elimination is predictable, but can be rocky

Scientists identified the general pattern of measles infections as a country moves toward eliminating the disease. This roadmap can help public health workers most efficiently fight and end measles.
During high-stress deadly epidemics, even well-trained responders can get caught up in behaviors that are more harmful than helpful. AP Photo/Olivier Matthys

When Ebola and other epidemics strike, a dysfunctional ‘outbreak culture’ hinders adequate response

The high stress conditions of an outbreak can spread a dysfunctional culture among those working to fight it. A survey after the 2015 Ebola epidemic quantified the issue – and suggests a better way.
Revellers at a carnival in Sao Paulo wear mosquito masks in a reference to the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which can spread dengue and Zika on February 4, 2016. Paulo Whitaker/Reuters

Dengue virus antibodies may worsen a Zika infection

Emerging research suggests that preexisting immunity to dengue virus, which is endemic in South America, could make a subsequent Zika infection worse.

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