Sonar scans of the Indian Ocean floor south of Christmas Island have revealed a Tolkeinesque landscape of towering peaks, ashen uplands and ominous volcanic craters.
Ophiojura, discovered living on a seamount deep in the Pacific Ocean, is the last known survivor of a unique group of animals that diverged from its closest relatives way back in the Jurassic period.
Born on July 30, 1920, geologist and cartographer Tharp changed scientific thinking about what lay at the bottom of the ocean – not a featureless flat, but rugged and varied terrain.
Unless we know what is in the ocean, we can’t protect the biggest part of the planet.
Companies are developing technologies to mine the deep sea, but environmental regulations have yet to be finalized.
In the cold southern oceans, underwater mountains support deep-sea reefs.