Reforms in 2014 were similarly aimed at making VET more responsive to industry needs and cutting red tape, all the while pulling funding from VET.
The system is well-resourced for urban and well-off families, but leaves the poor and mostly rural youth inadequately prepared.
Some critics argue that the new certificate may encourage more pupils to drop out of school. But we argue that it is a positive move.
At the current rate, technical and vocational education and training will overtake the university budget in the next five to 10 years