As crops fail in the rising heat, men are leaving many rural areas for migrant work in cities. Women are left to tend to the farming in increasingly dangerous conditions.
Drug abuse among women farmers in Adamawa State, north east Nigeria, is rising.
Most Indian farmers are women. But few own their land, and gender inequality limits their access to markets. These issues won’t be fixed by recent agricultural reforms; in fact, they may get worse.
New research suggests women farmers face significant challenges mostly due to stereotypes, sexism and women’s disproportionate responsibility for domestic and caregiving work.
In Cape Town’s Cape Flats, female urban farmers are vital for food security and strengthening social capital.