DNA of the male-determining Y chromosome has been completely sequenced end-to-end, and it’s just as weird as we expected. Will we finally be able to understand how it works?
The smallest chromosome in humans, the men-specific Y chromosome, has just been sequenced after considerable hurdles.
X and Y chromosome.
The human Y chromosome could disappear over time, putting our species in jeopardy. But some rodents have managed just fine without it – and we now know how.
Chromosomes change over time, whether through the process of aging or exposure to harmful substances in the environment.
Steven Puetzer/The Image Bank
The negative health effects of Y chromosome loss could be one potential reason women tend to live longer than men.
DNA can solve all sorts of mysteries, including the sometimes thorny question of paternity.
A lie about children’s paternity back in 1700 means tens of thousands of South Africans today are using the wrong surname.
Biological factors shape sexual preference.
A new study of nearly 500,000 individuals finds that many genes affect same-sex behavior, including newly identified candidates that may regulate smell and sex hormones.
The sweet-smelling, fluffy white fungus,
Huntiella moniliformis, engaging in sexual reproduction in the lab.
Understanding the sex lives of fungi can help in finding answers about disease control.
In skin, muscle, fat and more tissues, genes behave differently in men and women.
Like it or not, evidence now shows that men and women differ genetically far more profoundly that we previously recognised. An analysis from the 2017 winner of the Prime Minister’s Prize for Science.
Jenny Graves published her first paper on sex genes in 1967.
Prime Minister’s Prizes for Science/WildBear
The 2017 Prime Minister’s Science Prize winner is genetic researcher Professor Jenny Graves, well known for her 2002 suggestion that the male Y chromosome will self-destruct.
Forensic techniques are getting more sophisticated.
AAP Image/Julian Smith
Genetic evidence has become a critical aspect of modern criminal investigations. What are the methods and approaches used in present-day DNA forensics?
It’s naive to pretend there are no profound genetic and epigenetic differences between the sexes.
Elephant Gun Studios/Flickr
What produces the differences between men and women? Are they trivial or profound? Are they genetic or environmental, or both? And are men really closer genetically to chimpanzees than to women?
The human Y chromosome has retained only 3% of its ancestral genes. So why’s it a shadow of its former self?
Rafael Anderson Gonzales Mendoza/Flickr
The Y chromosome, that little chain of genes that determines the sex of humans, is not as tough as you might think. In fact, if we look at the Y chromosome over the course of our evolution we’ve seen it…