A balance sheet of positives and negatives for Tanzania's president Magufuli is perhaps the most striking similarity with the legacy of Nyerere as the country marks another independence anniversary.
Elections, even free and competitive ones, don't always mean that a country is more democratic. Instead of weakening the elite’s grip on power, elections might actually make them stronger.
As a young radical in the 1980s, Museveni publicly scorned African rulers who clung to power. Now, after 30 years in office, he is clearly clinging pretty hard himself.
The outcome of the race between increasingly artful electoral manipulation and limitless possible manifestations of democratic expression is never entirely certain.
Kenya’s upcoming poll will continue despite opposition leader Raila Odinga's decision to exit lawful processes prematurely. This will mean Kenyatta will likely win his second term in a row.
Angola's recent election results showed the ruling MPLA losing support across the country. If opposition claims are to be taken seriously, the losses could be more severe than they appear.
Kenya's progressive 2010 Constitution brought improved women's representation in Parliament and public life. But historical prejudices remain, always more intensely apparent during elections.