Even modest seas represent a big challenge.
Why it is so difficult to find planes in water, even ones of vastly different sizes.
So much more can be achieved if African researchers work together.
There are a number of stumbling blocks to intra African collaboration. These must be addressed to ensure that research is not duplicated and that findings are shared.
Ethiopians reading newspapers in the capital Addis Ababa. The country’s media is among the most repressed on the continent.
Press freedom has changed little in the past decade. If the African Union is to commit to the principles of democracy, it needs to do more to uphold freedom of expression and protects its journalists.
Robots can explore where humans fear to tread.
The century since the first world war is littered with the broken promises of Muslim rulers to bring about a transition to more representative forms of government.
The rise of Islamic State and its declaration of the caliphate can be read as part of a wider story that has unfolded since the formation of modern nation states in the Muslim world.
Free Syrian Army fighters on their smartphones.
As usage continues to grow in the region, what's the ongoing dynamic between the Middle East and social media? It's complicated.
Giulio Regeni, a PhD candidate at the University of Cambridge, was carrying out research on the formation of independent trade unions in post-Mubarak Egypt.
Africa’s flagship universities have a great deal to offer as the continent continues to grow and develop.
When talking about the role that higher education can play in developing Africa, it's important not to forget the continuing and crucial role of the continent's flagship universities.
An artist’s rendering of the planned Alexandria Underwater Museum.
In an attempt to revive Egypt's crucial tourism industry, its government has launched a series of sensational projects.
Cairo takes to the streets, January 2011.
The demands of the Tahrir Square protests could scarcely have been clearer – and the crackdown since 2011 could hardly have been more galling.
Tunisian women marking International Women’s Day. The country scores poorly when it comes to women’s safety.
The world is generally not safe for women. But some projects in North Africa provide a glimpse of hope as the world marks the UN's International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
Stefan Rousseau / PA Wire/Press Association Images
Western leaders insist that engaging with authoritarian regimes promotes human rights. They are missing the point.
One of Sharm el-Sheikh’s many resorts.
Tourism is one of Egypt's vital industries. So far, it has also proved to be a resilient one.
Downing of the Russian Metrojet airliner shows how a hitherto little-known terror group and its Islamic State parent may be adapting their tactics.
Maria Gloria Polimeno
When the 'Arab street' came to Downing Street, passions ran high and fear and loathing were in the air.
The Metrojet Airbus A321 that crashed in Northern Sinai.
Investigating an air crash is a delicate and complex task at the best of times – and Flight KGL9268 came down in one of the world's most difficult regions.
Sinai: a whole lot of trouble ahead.
Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Whatever caused the crash of a Russian airliner over the northern Sinai, it's finally brought the world's attention back to a critical security crisis.
Al Jazeera journalist Mohamed Fahmy is jailed for three years in Egypt.
The news that two British journalists and their unnamed Iraqi colleague were arrested and charged by the Turkish authorities [though released following publication of this article] for “engaging in terror…
Reuters/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Authoritarianism has failed to keep Egypt stable and secure, but General al-Sisi's government is nonetheless doubling down.
Not so secure.
Reuters/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Islamic State's Egyptian affiliate has been terrorising the Sinai Peninsula for months – and now it's upping the ante.