Failure to deal with the wounds of the conflict has permeated society and culture in Spain.
By refusing to idealise or victimise the women in Wuthering Heights, Brontë reveals herself as an early feminist.
Gothic fiction has become the ideal genre for exploring the grotesque, frightening aspects of coming of age. And disruptive girls with supernatural powers have replaced the passive heroines of old.
Horror loves evil twins and doubles because of concepts like the uncanny and otherness. They also provide memorable images for movie makers.
Most child sex abuse happens within families, but we still cling on to the Victorian idea of paedophiles as outsiders.
Written by a teenager, Frankenstein is an extraordinary novel that still endures 200 years after its first publication.